The notion of institution
In this context, an « institution » means an entity, which the GIP sign an authorization with. An authorization consists of the Accreditation Agreement, the Code of ethics and the Broadband leaflet (see more). An institution is under the authority of a manager (president, director…), who is empowered to engage in legal terms and to designate persons whose roles are specified in the authorization. An institution has a mailing address, i.e. it is located at a particular place.
RENATER network users are institutions known as « eligible », which means that its status and activities allow it to ask an approval from RENATER.
There are two kinds of eligible institutions :
Those, which are a GIP member or under the supervision of a GIP member and which can thereby, ask for an approval.
Those, which are not attached to a GIP member but which are nevertheless allowed because their activity is in accordance with the code of ethics (see below or check with the GIP) ; in this case, the connection to RENATER will result in a financial agreement on tariff published by the GIP.
An institution is called « RENATER approved », or simply « approved » when it has signed an agreement with RENATER.
An institution can be divided into several geographical locations (or in several entities), each of which can have different external network connections. We will then say that the institution in question is multi-site. The different geographical locations of such institution are called sites and can each have one or more external network connections. For obvious reasons (including related to the safety on the network), the agreement must then contain information related to each site. In other words, the agreement of a multi-site institution is formed from the collection of partial approvals for each site. But these documents are grouped in a single agreement which is signed by the manager of the institution empowered to this title.
Comment about sharing in institutions
Bound the exact outline of an "institution" as we present here is not always easy. The complexity of the education and research organization in France and the strong interpenetration of many organizations on most of our campuses do not help. To some extent the boundaries of a property is the responsibility of users. This is not the GIP RENATER to decide. For example a university may combine in a single "RENATER approval " all its components, including those who have some administrative autonomy (schools, IUT, ...). It may also prefer that some of its components operate themselves the network issues. In this case the components in question will be seen by GIP RENATER as separate institutions. Similarly EPSTs can choose between a centralized management for the smallest of them or decentralized management.
Two points are important :
The division into institutions must cover the entire user community : each "final user" (ie someone who has RENATER) must belong to one and, if possible, only one approved institution,
The manager of a registered institution, multi-site or not, shall be entitled to give his signature for all user communities covered by the approval of its institution.